The ancient city of Katsina is located in the North-West of Nigeria; it is bordered in the east by Kano and Jigawa States, west by Zamfara State, south by Kaduna State, and north by the Niger Republic. The home of hospitality as It is called was carved out of the old Kaduna State in September 1989.The state comprises of two emirates that characterized the later establishment of the seven Hausa kingdoms.
These are Daura, Katsina, Zaria, Kano, Rano Gobir, and Biram – all descended from the lineage of Bayajida and Daurama. Located in Daura is the famous and legendary Kusugu well, where the snake Sarki was said to have been killed. Katsina State occupies 24,192 square kilometers of land, the state has 34 local government areas, and it is occupied largely by the Hausa and Fulani people of northern Nigeria.
So if you wish to make a visit to the ancient city of Katsina to experience firsthand, the history of civilization in the northern region and see some of the ancient monuments and works of art that still exist today, whether as a student of history or a curious mind, or better still in need of a worthwhile vacation experience, then among other things, you have to see these 5 scenic sites at this historic destination;
- GOBARAU MINARET
The Famous Gobarau Minaret also known as “Hasumiyya” was constructed over 600 years ago during the reign of Muhammadu Korau (1398-1408 AD), who was the first Muslim king of Katsina.
It is the first tallest building built in the ancient city of Katsina, to serve as a surveillance tower for sighting enemy invaders as they approached the city during communal war inherent in that era.
The Gobarau Minaret which according to historians at the Katsina state history and culture bureau initially stood at 122m i.e. 400ft before the main body of the tower collapsed and reduced to stand at the present height of 17.11m with a base of approximately 83.36sqm. The building was designed and built to reflect the Timbuktu type of architecture portraying the civilization and craftsmanship of the 14th-century inhabitants.Visit Katsina for more discoveries.
- OLD KATSINA TEACHER’S COLLEGE/ NATIONAL MUSEUM KATSINA
The old Katsina training college proposed in 1920, was established in 1921 and officially opened by the then Governor General of Nigeria; Sir Hugh Clifford on the 5th of March 1922 with an intake of 50 students from all northern provinces of Nigeria.
It is the first teachers training college in the whole of northern Nigeria. The following are a list of prominent northern leaders in history who attended the college:
- Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (First Prime Minister of Nigeria)
- Sir Ahmadu Bello (First Premier of Northern Region)
- Sir Katsina Ibrahim (Former Governor of Northern Region)
- Alhaji Aliyu Makama Bidda (Former finance minister and Deputy Premier of Northern Region)
- Alhaji Isah Kaita -Wazirin Katsina (First minister of education in Northern Nigeria)
- Alhaji Musa Yar’adua -Tafidan Katsina (First Minister of Lagos affairs)
- Yahayya Madawaki (Former Minister of works)
- Alhaji Abubakar Okene
- Alhaji Nuhu Bamalli (Former Regional Minister)
- Alhaji Hassan Makaman Abuja
- Alhaji Muhammadu Ngilerame (Former Nigeria Rep. at UN)
- Alhaji Shehu Madawakin Kano (Former Deputy Speaker Regional Assembly)
- Alhaji Amadu Mora
- MalamSa’aduZungur (Re-known Politician and Author)
- Alhaji Abubakar Imam.
The Old Katsina Training College which is presently known as “The Three Gates” and also known as “Kofar Huku” is the abode of the National Museum and one of the three declared national monuments in 1959 before the independence in Nigeria. The National Museum documents various Historical artifacts ranging from archeological collections such as manila, carnelian beads, the human skull, precious stones, regalia of ancient kings and kingdoms, cowry, and some other historical materials exhibited to show the historical background of the “Katsina Royal Tree”.
The Old Katsina Teacher’s College which was built with red-baked mud and fired clay was declared a Historic Monument on April 23, 1959, as it is believed to be the oldest institution of higher learning in northern Nigeria. It remains a tourist attraction today and a must-see destination for visitors when they come to Katsina town
- EMIR’S PALACES IN KATSINA AND DAURA KINGDOM
The Palaces of the Emir of Katsina and the Emir of Daura are sights to behold and a site to explore. The ancient architectural designs of the Palace structures date back to the early 19th century. The Katsina Emir’s Palace has various historical sites, artifacts, and memoirs attached to the palace such as; Dakin Kwaf, Blue Room, The ancient Gate of “Gubairuba” a clan in Sokoto kingdom, the first bank in Katsina, among other sites.
The Daura Kingdom is known according to history to be the spiritual home of the Hausa people as it documents the legendary Prince of Baghdad “Bayajidda” who became the first male king after killing the giant snake Sarki in the 10th century and then married the last Kabara of Daura. It was also recorded that from this union he had seven sons who founded and ruled the seven 7 Hausa states (a.k.a the seven true Hausa states “Hausa Bakwai”).
These Palaces are a world-class tourist attraction to many visitors and historic memories for other tourists as they marvel at the various monuments hidden behind the buildings.
- THE LEGENDARY KUSUGU WELL
The ancient well of Kusugu got its fame from the old tale told by the Historians of the Great Daura Kingdom, of the then Prince of Baghdad; Bayajidda in the 10th century. History has it that The Kusugu well is the dwelling place of a giant snake called Sarki, and this snake only allows the people of Daura kingdom draw water only on Fridays. History was told of the Prince Bayajidda as the person who married the last Kabara of Daura after his defeat of the snake and presaged the end of the matriarchal monarchs that had earlier ruled the Hausa people. It was also recorded that the 7 Hausa states were founded by the sons of Bayajidda from his marriage to the then Queen of Daura. The well from time past has become a tourist site in the Daura Kingdom and the sword that was used to kill the formidable snake, according to the curator is in custody of the Emir of Daura His Highness. Both the well and the sword can still be seen by tourists today.
- JIBIA HOLIDAY RESORT
The Jibia Holiday Resort also known as the New Chama Recreational Park is located in Jibia city of Katsina a border city in Birnin Kudu town. It is a scenic site to view ancient rocks and prehistoric paintings on caves. The resort or recreational park is a serene garden with various games courts such as soccer, basketball, volleyball, Ping-Pong, and a scenic view of a soothing dam with white sand. It is a park to unwind from the hustle and bustle of towns.
There are lots and lots of attractions and historic events that await you at Katsina such as the Katsina City Gates, the Durbar festival, the Durbi-Takusheyi, among other views and memoir to fascinate visitors to the town, it is such a historic, hospitable, beautiful, educative, captivating and fun destination to explore, but as usual, it is always better experienced than told. Remember the saying goes, “What the eye sees the mind never forgets”. So what are you waiting for? Take time off work, give yourself a treat, pick up your bags and explore Katsina firsthand today with your family and friends for an experience of a lifetime, Cheers!
Visit Katsina for more discoveries